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That takeout you ordered last night? Forget about it. You haven’t really experienced Chinese cuisine unless you’ve made the lengthy but worthwhile trek across the globe to China and sampled among its many regional flavors. That said, Yunnan Province is a real stand out with its (very!) unexpected ingredients and varied influences from Tibet, Myanmar, Vietnam and Laos, as well as other Chinese provinces. Read on to see what you’re missing, and what you can expect if you plan your own culinary getaway. (You’ll find some pretty great deals on the latter here.)

The makings of mixian. All photos by Simone Tong.

Chef Simone Tong, formerly of the innovative NYC eatery wd~50, just opened Little Tong Noodle Shop in the East Village to introduce us all to mixian, a traditional rice noodle soup from China’s Yunnan province. Just what is food from southwestern China like anyway? We’ll let Simone do the explaining — she recently came back from a solo trip in the region.

YUNNAN, China – China has a diverse and vast culinary history spanning thousands of years, yet many cuisines from my home country are hardly well-known in the western world. I want more people sharing stories of Chinese food, so I embarked on a three-month solo research trip through Yunnan province before opening my new restaurant, and sought out chefs, restaurants, and culinary experts who would teach me about the local cuisine.

My adventure took me from Beijing to Kunming, the capital of Yunnan, and then to the ancient towns of Lijiang and Dali, where I made friends with four girls from Shanghai and Chengdu, drank tea, hiked Jade Dragon Snow Mountain and Tiger Leaping Gorge, ate spicy sour hot pot fish, and chatted about being independent women in China. In Shangri-La, on the border of Tibet and Sichuan, home of the majestic Ganden Sumtseling Monastery, my driver invited me to his uncle’s Tibetan house party, where we drank qingkejiu, a local highland barley liquor, and danced the night away.

Among my many amazing experiences, here’s what I learned about Yunnanese cuisine.

Yunnan Province, China

A cultural celebration in Yunnan

Yunnan Is Very Diverse

Yunnan borders Tibet, Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Myanmar, Vietnam, and Laos, and is one of China’s most culturally diverse provinces, with as many as 26 different ethnic groups, including Han Chinese, sharing the land. It’s also one of the country’s most biodiverse, with a large variety of plant life and an abundance of wild edible mushrooms. Traveling across Yunnan was like visiting many different micro-countries, each with their own unique delicacies.

Bugs, Yunnan, China

Bugs aplenty.

Insects Aren’t That Bad

Time and place is of the essence here, and people eat mostly what surrounds them. Take bugs and insects. Locals like to fry them, and after getting over the initial psychological barrier of putting grasshopper-looking insects in my mouth, they actually tasted quite delicious, like cured egg yolk.

Sea Kelp, Yunnan, China

Scrambled eggs with moss and tree ferns.

Mixian, Simone Tong, Yunnan China

Simone eating mixian. Note the yellow flowers.

Foraging is the Local M.O.

Fresh flowers are another popular ingredient, which I tried in tarts, jams, sake and wine, mixian, and hot pot. I also ate a lot of vegetables, many of which aren’t found anywhere outside Yunnan and thus don’t have Western names. A few of my favorite combinations were scrambled eggs with moss and tree ferns; roasted garlic and lake weed, a kelp-like vegetable found in Erhai Lake, a giant alpine lake two miles above sea level; and stewed puffer fish with chanterelles, a potentially poisonous dish that, if not prepared properly, can kill people in seconds.

String Cheese, Yunnan, China

The makings of fan cheese.

Yunan Has Its Own Mozzarella 

In Dali, folks from the Bai ethnic group love to make rushan, or fan cheese. Fresh cow’s milk is made into stringy cheese (basically mozzarella, but the locals didn’t know that’s what Italians call it), stretched into long, even sheets with long chopsticks, and wrapped around two long bamboo poles. It’s then sun-dried, grilled, and seasoned with rose jam.

mushrooms, yunnan, china

Purple mushrooms from Yunnan.

Purple Mushrooms: Dangerous and Delicious

During mushroom season (July and August), Huang Jingkun, executive chef at Colorful Yunnan in Beijing, receives boxes of precious, rare mushrooms foraged by villagers in the forests of Yunnan. One day, he told me he was going to cook a very special mushroom for lunch. It was greenish purple. He had to change the cutting board and knife after prepping the mushrooms because they are extremely poisonous raw and any cross-contamination would cause food poisoning. (Every year in Yunnan, roughly 200 folks are hospitalized and 20+ die from eating improperly cooked mushrooms.) He sautéed them with beautiful sweet green peppers and generous amount of garlic cloves and butter, and deglazed them with cognac and chicken stock. We ate it with a bowl of Yunnan short grain rice. It was heaven.


This article was written by Simone Tong from Fathom and was legally licensed through the NewsCred publisher network. Please direct all licensing questions to

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Tagged: Asia, China

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